Category: Home Improvement

6 Steps to Choose the Right Water Softener System

By John

The hardness of water is a reality which we face in our daily lives. Even if you are using the city’s water, it will not be 100% free of dissolved minerals which are responsible for hardness. You must have heard that one way of getting rid of hard water is to use a water softener system. So, you are tired of the side effects of hard water and you have decided to get rid of it once and for all by investing in a water softener system. How do you determine the right water softener system you need to buy? Continue reading to find an answer to this question.

1. Determine the amount of water that your family needs

Now, you have gone to the market and you are overwhelmed by the different sizes of water softener systems. Don’t worry about that. It is simple. The size you need depends majorly on your family size and bathroom measurements that you have. For instance, a small family of 3 persons or less will require approximately 30,000-grain water softener. Another family which is slightly larger than this, let’s say that which has 4-6 persons, about 40,000 to 60,000 will prove just right.

2. Level of water hardness

Test the level of water hardness that you have to deal with. Different water softener systems have different capabilities and this brings all the differences that might be confusing. You can find out this using water testing kit or call your city water supplier to find out. If the level of water hardness is high, then you will need a high-capacity water softener which will handle this without frequent regenerations.

3. Type of water softeners

Water softeners are classified into two: salt-based water softener and salt-free water softener. So, you got to decide between the two. From the above step, you now know the level of water hardness you are dealing with here. A salt-based water softener is the best in doing the job. However, if salt worries you, then you can buy the salt-free one.

4. The amount of salt and frequency of topping it up

This depends largely on the type of water softener and the technology used in its design. It also depends on the amount of water your family uses and how often your water softener regenerates. Logically, a large family that uses more gallons of water require more salt than a small family that spends a few gallons a day. You may not want to be adding up salt every other day. Therefore, you need a high-capacity water softener system that lets you do this maybe once a month.

5. What do you have on the budget?

Sometimes it pays to take a look at what you have on the budget before you go for the high specs which come at a price. What you have set aside for the domestic water softener system will determine what you carry home when you to the market. We all expect high-end water softeners to cost more than those which you can get cheaply.

6. The Ease of Installation

Do you have an expert who will help you set up your new system? Many of us don’t. If this is the case, then you would rather prefer something that will not cause you unnecessary headaches installing or even add an extra installation cost to your already strained budget.

How Do I Know Which Type to Water Softener Use for?

By John

Are you confused which water softener will be right for your home? This brief guide will help you. If you have further questions you can write to us in the comment section below.  Don’t forget to check salt based vs salt-free water softeners review to understand softeners system better.

Types Of Water Softeners:

Salt-based: Water softeners work on iron exchange process basically salt based are powerful systems that have the ability to restrict limescale by removing concentrated minerals from hard water ultimately making it soft before reaching the taps. It is connected to the home plumbing system so that the entire house gets soft water.

An ion exchange water softener has densely packed resin beds that abolish calcium and magnesium ions through sodium ions. Once resin beds are exhausted a regeneration process is processed for refreshment and cleaning. Here a brine solution is created and pushed via resin beds that remove limescale and refresh beds to enhance performance and preparation for the next cycle.

A little amount of sodium is transferred to water that is considered safe for drinking.

Salt-free: These softeners do not use salts and their primary objective is descaling limescale. No ion exchange process is required as it processes the catalytic method called as TAC (Template Assisted Crystallization). Citric acid is a pH levels balancer of water termed as conditioning. There are no impurities trapped in so no cleaning process is needed.

Design of Water Softener:

You should look for mentioned things in a water softener:

  • Durability and safety
  • Good control mechanism
  • Even water flow through resin beds
  • Cost effective and manufacturer warranty
  • Quality of material used
  • The optimum time during the exchange process

How to pick the right water softener for Home?

Always ask for following things from dealers or check online before you buy:

  1. Amount of salt used in the regeneration process.
  2. What size of water softener should be befitting as per your space?
  3. After sales service
  4. Manufacturer’s warranty covered on the complete system or not
  5. The capacity of a water softener
  6. The price (this depends on all the conditions i.e. capacity, material, durability and warranty, the better the product the higher will be the price)

Salt-based systems are heavy duty systems that do an excellent job in the removal of harmful concentrated minerals. They come in a variety and are the first choice in the food and beverage industries. Hence generally they are recommended in the regions with extremely hard water.


If you have moderate or low hard water you can buy salt-based or salt-free water softener as they work well for both conditions but if you have very hard water salt based is the only option. If you are eco-friendly then go for salt-free systems.

Hope now you know the type of water softener and how to pick right one. Any question? Write to us.

How to Diagnose Your Plumbing Fixtures – A Detailed Guide

By John

If you ask anybody what plumbing fixture is? His reply will be a faucet. Anyway, that would be my retort too prior to detailed research about this article.

In reality, plumbing fixtures are any device that interacts with water and is connected to the plumbing system.

To diagnose your plumbing fixtures you need to know about them first. This will help you to execute further measures.

Common Plumbing Fixtures:

Some common plumbing fixtures are:

  • Bathtubs
  • Sinks
  • Tubs
  • Toilet
  • Pipe
  • Drains
  • Faucets
  • Showers
  • Valves
  • Pipes
  • Hoses

These are major household plumbing system which is supplying of water and later drain it.


A machine that regulates and controls water or any liquid by opening or closing and giving route is known as a valve.

A valve is installed on all water supplies in normal house plumbing. It helps in stopping water supply whenever there is leakage or any damage. To maintain fixtures clean them and watch leaks if any.

Bath Tubs:

A bathtub is a large container that is filled with hot or cold water that allows a person to sink in for bathing and relaxing. Nowadays acrylic and fiberglass bathtubs are well-liked as it looks trendy but is a little pricey. Normally they are made of enamel cast iron, steel or waterproof wood, these are durable and budgeted. There are several types of bathtubs in the market. However, the common bathtubs are:

  1. Whirlpool tubs: Whirlpool tubs are equipped with nozzles that use air or water for relaxation. They are bigger in size and are attached to the wall.
  2. Western-style bathtubs: These are widely used bathtubs. They are long and thin which allows bather to immerse completely. Plumbing is hidden inside the wall and they have cabinets too.
  3. Eastern style bathtubs: Shorter and deeper. A person can sit or stand while bathing.
  4. Clawfoot tub: The antique ones are made of cast iron. Currently, modern materials like acrylic are used for the job. It holds more water and is attached to the wall.

Generally, people do not pay attention to bathtub cleaning. But being the center point of the bathroom it should be maintained. A nonabrasive cleaner should be used with water and a soft cloth.

By regular cleaning lifetime of the product can be increased. However, with time fittings and fixtures may get damaged that could not be detected as it is within the wall.

How to carry out an inspection of bathtubs and showers?

  • Seal tile twice a year to stop any mildew growth.
  • Check loose and damage grout. Repair it as soon as possible.
  • If your shower or bathtub has doors seal them too.
  • Check walls if it is soft and moisture appears in them. It is an indication that any pipe or faucet is leaky.
  • Check to ceil below your bathroom for leakage.


Bowl-shaped plumbing fixtures used to wash hands, utensils or small things are sinking. Also known as basin it is found in several homes. Every sink is equipped with a faucet, pipe and a drain. There are many types of sinks. Like:

  1. Self Rimming Sinks: These are drop-in sinks that dig a hole in your kitchen counter to get fixed. These are traditional one often found in materials like porcelain, enameled cast iron, steel, and vitreous china. They are the commonest sink amongst all as the fit easily. Even it requires less cleaning and maintenance.
  2. Above Counter Sinks: Sink sits on the countertop. It allows the sink to be differently designed as there is no bondage that it is to be fitted on the edge. Before purchasing a vessel sink it is advised to measure the height before installing a faucet.
  3. Bottom Mount Sinks: These sinks are mounted below the counter to give a sleek and neat look to the kitchen.
  4. Pedestal Sinks: They are typically used in bathrooms as it takes little space. They are easy to clean and maintain.
  5. Wall mounted sinks: Similar to pedestal sinks they also require less space. It is good for the bathroom’s which is less used.
  6. Apron Sink (Farmhouse): This sink is designed for rough and sturdy use. If anyone wants an authentic looking sink they can go for ceramic, white or clay model. They are also available in copper and steel.
  7. Bar Sinks: They are convenient and available in diverse size, shapes, and metal. It is inexpensive and highly appreciated.
  8. Utility Basin: They are found in laundry or garages. They are deep basins used for cleaning, mopping, and chores. The strainer is a must so that waste does not enter drainage pipes.


A toilet is the most important plumbing fixture. It uses a septic tank or community wastage system to flush out the waste. They are sturdy and reliable. Clogging is the general problem that occurs in this plumbing.

To maintain toilet, clean them and do not flush cotton pads, hair, diapers, wet wipes or any solid things. Flush properly and replace the wear and tear immediately.

One way to check leakage is to drop food or watercolor in your toilet tank. If it does not get clear and shows up for fifteen minutes, you have a leak. Flush it immediately else it will stain your toilet.


A shower can be fixed alone or may be a part of a bathtub. A shower uses the pressure of a standard system to drive water to wash head to toe.  Since the 19th century, this system hasn’t changed. However, they are made efficient with time. A resourceful head shower can save water up to 40 percent.


Many plumbing fixtures have drains. Unwanted waste and dirty water flows through the pipe and finally draw off in the sewage system. Drains are protected with a strainer so that hairs, soap, tissues or debris do not enter drain pipe as it leads to clogging.

For this, each pipe, faucet, sink, shower, and the tub has to be checked. If drainage is slower than it is clogged somewhere.


A dripping faucet is the most common problem in every household. It an essential plumbing valve used to control water flow. They are available in various shapes and sizes. Solid brass faucets are highly durable and value for money product. Before mounting any faucet its size, shape, and dimensions have to be checked thoroughly. An inch can cause leakage and damage to your plumbing system. Hence calling a proficient plumber is the best solution.

Hope this article helped you in getting related information. If you have any queries write to us in the comment box below.

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